Classified Information Workshop Part 3
Data Killers offers destruction of both classified and unclassified hard drives, back-up tapes and media. Many of our customers often refer to their data as classified because it may contain proprietary or sensitive company information and records. However, only the U.S. Government can deem information classified. The following Wikipedia exert serves as our classified information workshop part 3 to help our readers understand the proper procedures for classifying information:
“To be properly classified, a classification authority (an individual charged by the U.S. government with the right and responsibility to properly determine the level of classification and the reason for classification) must determine the appropriate classification level, as well as the reason information is to be classified. A determination must be made as to how and when the document will be declassified, and the document marked accordingly. Executive Order 13526 describes the reasons and requirements for information to be classified and declassified (Part 1). Individual agencies within the government develop guidelines for what information is classified and at what level.
The former decision is original classification. A great majority of classified documents are created by derivative classification. For example, if one piece of information, taken from a secret document, is put into a document along with 100 pages of unclassified information, the document, as a whole, will be secret. Proper (but often ignored) rules stipulate that every paragraph will bear a classification marking of (U) for Unclassified, (C) for Confidential, (S) for Secret, and (TS) for Top Secret. Therefore, in this example, only one paragraph will have the (S) marking. If the page containing that paragraph is double-sided, the page should be marked SECRET on top and bottom of both sides.
A review of classification policies by the Office of the Director of National Intelligence aimed at developing a uniform classification policy and a single classification guide that could be used by the entire U.S. intelligence community found significant inter-agency differences that impaired cooperation and performance. The initial ODNI review, completed in January 2008, said in part, “The definitions of ‘national security’ and what constitutes ‘intelligence’—and thus what must be classified—are unclear. … Many interpretations exist concerning what constitutes harm or the degree of harm that might result from improper disclosure of the information, often leading to inconsistent or contradictory guidelines from different agencies. There appears to be no common understanding of classification levels among the classification guides reviewed by the team, nor any consistent guidance as to what constitutes ‘damage,’ ‘serious damage,’ or ‘exceptionally grave damage’ to national security. … There is wide variance in application of classification levels.”
The review recommended that original classification authorities should specify clearly the basis for classifying information, for example, whether the sensitivity derives from the actual content of the information, the source, the method by which it was analyzed, or the date or location of its acquisition. Current policy requires that the classifier be “able” to describe the basis for classification but not that he or she in fact do so.
Step 3 in the classification process is to assign a reason for the classification. Classification categories:
• military plans, weapons systems, or operations
• foreign government information
• intelligence activities, sources, or methods, or cryptology
• foreign relations or foreign activities of the United States, including confidential sources
• scientific, technological or economic matters relating to national security; which includes defense against transnational terrorism
• USG programs for safeguarding nuclear materials or facilities
• vulnerabilities or capabilities of systems, installations, infrastructures, projects or plans, or protection services relating to the national security, which includes defense against transnational terrorism
• weapons of mass destruction.
Classifying non-government-generated information
The Invention Secrecy Act of 1951 allows the suppression of patents (for a limited time) for inventions that threaten national security.
Whether information related to nuclear weapons can constitutionally be “born secret” as provided for by the Atomic Energy Act of 1954 has not been tested in the courts.
Guantanamo Bay detention camp has used a “presumptive classification” system to describe the statements of Guantanamo Bay detainees as classified. When challenged by Ammar al-Baluchi in the Guantanamo military commission hearing the 9/11 case, the prosecution abandoned the practice. Presumptive classification continues in the cases involving the habeas corpus petitions of Guantanamo Bay detainees.”
Data Killers is the nationwide source for classified hard drive destruction and data destruction. We also offer destruction of unclassified media as well. Our sales staff and technicians are thoroughly trained in the latest protocols and procedures. We go above and beyond to ensure accurate destruction services including shredding, NSA degaussing, disintegration and incineration. As the nationwide source for classified hard drive destruction, Data Killers goal is to provide the best, compliant data destruction services for our customers to keep their technology secure.